Pet Guide

A new puppy is a big responsibility and can often be a bit daunting with all the new information: I have enclosed some information about basic health and behavioural issues and my recommendations for a happy and healthy puppy.

VACCINATIONS The diseases we vaccinate against are distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus and two components of Canine Cough ( which used to be known as Kennel Cough) this is known as a CS. All of these diseases are highly contagious and apart from Canine Cough are potentially fatal to your puppy.

I recommend the following Vaccination schedule: 6 - 8 weeks Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza 12 weeks Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza 16 weeks Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Bordet ella, Parainfluenza then a "booster" vaccination every year of life. Puppies are not NOT Fully Protected until 10 - 14 days after their final vaccination. They should be kept away from other dogs that are not regularly vaccinated and they should not be allowed to go into areas where other dogs have been such as the park or footpaths. This is because Parvovirus is resistant and can be contracted very easily from the environment and infected dogs. Even puppies, which have had their first two vaccinations can become infected with Parvo and even die so it's just not worth taking the risk. Always wash your hands and don't allow other dog owners to touch your puppy until all vaccinations are complete.

Heart-worm Heart-worm is a parasite, which as its name suggests lives in the blood stream and heart: It is transmitted by mosquitoes and does not require direct dog to dog contact. Heart-worm used to be confined to the tropical far north in Australia but it is becoming more common in Perth and also country areas as far south as Albany. The immature stages of heart-worm are injected into the bloodstream by mosquitoes as they feed. These larvae then travel through the bloodstream and after 4 months lodge in the heart. They can grow to 30 cm long and cause serious damage to the lining of the heart and interfere with blood - flow. The end result is heart failure and eventually death if left untreated. I recommend that all dogs be on heart -worm prevention. If this prevention is started prior to 6 months of age then no test is required. If prevention is started after 6 months or doses are missed then I strongly recommend a quick simple test be performed.

Worming I strongly recommend regular worming against intestinal worms, which are completely different to heart - worm. The main intestinal worms I treat for are: Roundworm, Hookworm, Whipworm and Tapeworm - flea Tapeworm - & Hydatids tapeworm. The majority of puppies are infected with roundworm and hookworm from their mother via the milk or the placenta. Dogs are exposed to worms throughout their lives from the eggs in the environment, other animal and fellow canines. Worms will cause gastrointestinal signs such as diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain but if left untreated may rapidly lead to severe problems and even death. The other great concern is that worms can be transmitted to people especially young children. They can lead to various problems from dermatitis through to blindness from larval migration to the eye. Hydatids also pose a serious threat to children and adults as cysts may develop anywhere within the body including the brain. We recommend the following schedule for worming with a product such as Drontal, which is highly effective against all of the intestinal worms: AGE WORMING FREQUENCY 2,4,6,8,10&12 weeks Fortnightly 4 - 6 months Every month 6 months + Every 3 Months for life Advocate is a spot on treatment used monthly, that covers most intestinal worms but not tapeworm. But it also covers fleas, heart - worm, ear mites & lice.

Nutrition A complete and balanced diet is essential for all puppies. The most important feature of a balanced diet is that it contains all of the nutrients required by a dog for its particular stage of life - especially calcium and energy. There are a number of excellent commercial products available, which can often make the choice a little confusing. An important consideration is the age and the breed of your puppy, which will determine the most appropriate diet. For example a 6 month old cavalier has entirely different nutritional needs to a 6 month old Great Dane. I recommend Advance puppy pellets as this is what the puppy's have been raised on and then go up the scale with this brand for the rest of its life as this will add a good 7 years onto your dogs life. It is up to you wether you feed your dog wet food as well. If you do introduce wet food do not give spicy food. Rice and chicken with veg is a good way to go. Little meals 3 times a day for the first month and then slowly going down to 1 meal a day as they grow. Chicken necks and large bones are good for puppy teeth while growing.

Foods not to feed your dog Chocolate is dangers as your dog has no spleen to digest this food. Onion will cause digestive problems.

Fleas Fleas can often be a nuisance to puppies and owners alike, but because fleas ingest blood server infestations can lead to loss of red blood cells and serious disease. There are a huge number of flea products on the markets, pet shops and veterinary clinics, which can lead to confusion. Be very careful with the choice of product that you use on your puppy, even if the label claims to be safe for puppies. 12 weeks is often the minimum age at which they are safe to use. In most cases I recommend safe and effective spot - on products. such as Frontline or Advantage or Advocate. Every dog and every family are very special so take care.

Love your pet A puppy can never have to much love, they do need to sleep lots just like a baby. If you need any extra information I am always available on 0428843032 Regards Jan Henning. This information was taken from Northam vets and my knowledge